Types of Cancer
The major types of cancer are carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia. Carcinomas — the most commonly diagnosed cancers — originate in the skin, lungs, breasts, pancreas, and other organs and glands. Lymphomas are cancers of lymphocytes. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood. It does not usually form solid tumors. Sarcomas arise in bone, muscle, fat, blood vessels, cartilage, or other soft or connective tissues of the body. They are relatively uncommon. Melanomas are cancers that arise in the cells that make the pigment in the skin.
Use the menu below to find the guide you are looking for. The first tab offers some common diagnoses, but if you don’t see your specific diagnosis there, please use the Alphabetical tabs to see the entire list of Cancer Society guides.